Ground Classes for Student Private Pilots, how to register, book & sit for exams

Ground Classes are a must and you will need to pass 120 hours to meet the regulation by the CAAM. ( that is the latest as of October 2019)

AAFC conducts group study classes at Subang International Airport. 

half of our time we dedicate the ground class to a   one on one ground class at the convenience of the student, either at the airport, also we have a regular:

  • Hangar talk; something we started some time ago and is very popular with the students and seasoned pilots. Coffee & tea will be available as well as nasi leak and cookies. The dates are always on the 2nd Sunday of the month and all interested new students as well as all members of the club are invited. Please send a WhatsApp to 0137232345 or 0183707550


For some students that reside overseas, and we have some in Jakarta, Labuan and East Malaysia, there is always Skype and FaceTime or WhatApp. That works magic and safes all of us a lot of time, allowing you to learn at the comfort of your home, without traveling back to Malaysia. 


Ground class subjects:

  • Air law  –  15 hours
  • Radio telephony written  – 10 hours
  • Radio telephony verbal  – 5 hours
  • Aircraft rating or general knowledge  – 20 hours
  • Navigation  – 15 hours
  • Meteorology  – 15 hours
  • Human Performance and Limitations  – 10 hours
  • Principles of Flight 15 hours
  • operational procedures 15 hours


Booking and managing all these Ground Classes just got a bit easier for you to book,  find study material as well as for the Instructor to track your progress. 

We managed to put all your needed stuff on our booking & training site SQUAWK.

Here are the easy 5 steps to register, book & attend your ground class

  1. register or login in Squawk ( Andreas sure has registered you already)
  2. go to the schedule page and select with the corresponding ground instructor ( Seb, CM or Dorai) your time, subject & topic. (please ensure that you have talked with your ground instructor and that he is aware of this booking). Select time and location. select subject as well as topic.
  3. Please don’t select more than 2 topics for one session. than click Add.


you will get in your email a confirmation of your booking, and so will get the instructor.

also in the booking you will get the confirmation of your subject and topic as well as links to our Library.

You may also go direct to the Library and find based on the subject the relevant training materials over there. 

and to find out on how you did after your ground classes try our QUIZZ section where you have more than 1001 questions & answers to check your knowledge…


 In this section you also will find lots of videos that are for the flight training… I suggest you wait and go through them with your flight instructor as soon as you are ready to fly.


Once you Ground instructor informs you that you are ready, it is time to sign up for the Exams. This information is again in the Section for Ground studies of your PPL.


Wishing you all the best for your ground and flight training.


Blue skies & happy landing





Ground class subjects:

  • Air law  –  15 hours
  • Radio telephony written  – 10 hours
  • Radio telephony verbal  – 5 hours
  • Aircraft rating or general knowledge  – 20 hours
  • Navigation  – 15 hours
  • Meteorology  – 15 hours
  • Human Performance and Limitations  – 10 hours
  • Principles of Flight 15 hours
  • operational procedures 15 hours


The tests for 2019/2020 will be conducted at the Putrajaya Examination Centre

Level 4 Blok Podium A
No 27 Persiaran PerdanaPrecinct 4 
62618 Putrajaya
 for the schedule please refer to the Google drive with all the dates there ( for members only)
Time table for the PPL examination subjects:

Navigation & Meteorology 0900 – 1000
Air Laws 1030 – 1100
Aircraft general 1115 – 1145
Radio Telephony Theory 1200 – 1230
HPL 1400 – 1430
Aircraft Type Technical 1445 – 1615



Flight training syllabus


Flight training is conducted as per the CAAM approved flight training syllabus that AAFC  and members can obtain their copies of the student study guide the that was compiled specifically for the AAFC by captain Chow, Head of Training and Chief pilot keeping in mind our training aircraft.


Student study guide


Flight training syllabus 



Familiarisation, this lesson be be for 1.5 hours and your flying experience will be 0.6 hours or around 35 minutes and will include: aircraft systems, checklists and controls, emergency drills, current flying regulations, tech log and authorisation, external checks, engine start and warm up: to get your aircraft ready for the flight, this is important and should be done for before EACH flight. In this video student pilot Joel Kuan and student Albert Tee do a pre flight check on our training aircraft Cessna 172 P – 9M NCU. 

Effect of control I is lesson number two and in this lesson you will learn the effects of primary flight controls, effect of airspeed and slipstream, effects of trim, effects of power change. 0.8 hours or 50 minutes lesson. 

Effect of control II is all about introduction to taxi, effects of power, flaps, engine controls, mixture leaning – carburettor heat use and about airmanship. this lesson usually lasts for 0.8 hours or about 50 minutes.

Straight and level 1, looks easy, not easy. the instructor demonstrate to you a take off, thank a straight and level at constant poor and direction maintaining a constant hight. you will be show how to rejoin the airfield and the limitations of the engine.

Straight and level 2, follow through in take off, and we will in this lesson see how the aircraft flies straight and level at different power settings, as well as on specific airspeed. you will learn the effects of flaps . this lesson will take one hour.

Climb and descend I, after your take off , we exerciser the climbing and descending of the aircraft and review straight and level. a one hour training flight.

Medium turns, here we learn to do a 30 degree angle of bank from a straight and level flight and do climbing and descending turns. a challenging sortie that will take apron 0.8 hours or 50 minutes.

Descending 2, effects of flaps, power , base technique and a normal rejoin is being done in a one hour training flight.

Clean stall, in this sortie we will enter a clean stall, see the signs of an approaching stall, the indications and actions when a wing drop is occurring. than we are recovering from this stall. A one hour sortie. 

Stall 2, here we revise the previous lessons, and do a stall on the finals approach, as well as the go around procedures, we demonstrate a circuit, overshoot and a flow through for a normal landing. A one hour sortie.

Circuits 1 we are doing some circuit work, the upwind and downwind, base and final leg as well as normal landings. A one hour sortie.

Circuits 2 short field take off, revisions on the circuits and practice flawless landings. A demonstration of a EFATO.

Circuits 3 is all about cross wind techniques as well as revision for circuits 1 and 2. gliding techniques and go around practice.

Steep turns & unusual attitude is practiced in this 0.8 hour sortie and steep turns of 45-50degree AOB as well as unusual attitudes recovery is on the menu.

Instrument flying 1, is all about learning to with without the hood, practicing rate 1 turns, medium turns & steep turns. clump and descents and coordinated manoeuvres as well as unusual positions recovery technique

Instrument flying 2 is about a one hour sortie same as instrument 1 but this time with the hood.

Instrument flying 3 is as per 1 with hood and we are including a VOR approach in the training.

Instrument flying 4 is as per 1 with the hood and a limited panel, a challenging flight that will last one hour.

Practice Diversion is a 0.8 hour flight with practice diversion to WMKF. Demonstration of a instrument approach into WMSA.

Navex 1 will be a 1.6 hour navigation flight via kapar, kuala selangor, tangoing malim, rawang and back to subang

Navex 2 that is a 2.4 hour trip wmsa port klang, morib all the way to melaka and back.

Practiced forced landing, a short field take off, a clean stall, selection of a forced landing site, high key, low key and emergencies like WFATO and engine failure in the Air, a total of one hour sortie.

Circuites 4 is a practiced abort take off, normal circuits, EFATO, low level circuits and short field landing a one hour sortie.

circuits 5, revision of all types circuits, cross wind landings, demo radio failure all part of a one hour sortie.

basic handling test / pre solo check by the QFI after a 3 times normal landing with the instructor.

circuits 7 will be your first solo, that can be 10 minutes but will feel like one hour.

circuits 8 is the revision of all circuits as well as selected emergencies. total of 0.8 hours.

circuits 9 is the second normal circuit.

circuits 10, this is the 3rd solo and should be a normal circuit only.

General handling 2 is all about the normal take off to the training area, GH revision and PFL training areas, rejoining to subang airfield for a PFL, do a circuit revision.

General handing 3 will be the first solo to the training area

General handling 4 will be a one hour revision for circuits

General handling 5 same as 4 but a solo flight.

General handling 6 will be your basic handling test

General handling 7 another solo flight

NAVEX 3 will be a dual  flight, subang rawang tangoing maxim, slim and back via sekinchan kuala selangor kapar and subang

NAVEX 4 will be as per 3 but a solo sortie.

NAVEX 5 is a dual 2.4 hour flight to Melaka, going coastal and back inland.

NAVEX 6 is as per 5 but as a solo flight

Pre test is all about a revision of all general handling exercises and will take 1.2 hour

General Handling 9 is a solo revision 1.1 hour estimated.

Final Test with the DCA examiner Captain Chow or captain Farid